Royal Navy Branches For Ratings At The Time of Jutland

From Battle of Jutland Crew Lists Project


These pages have leant heavily on
http://www.gwpda.org/naval/rn_ranks_and_rates_table_1918.pdf
and
https://www.greatwarforum.org/topic/58322-sub-ratings/
Fine tuning and additions have been incorporated and reformatting has been undertaken to bring into the WiKi environment.

Military Branch Engineer Branch Artisan Branch Police Medical Accountant Service


Seaman Signalman
&
Telegraphists
Sailmaker Stokers Mechanicians Engine Room Artificers (ERA) Electrical Artificers Ordnance Artificers Carpenter’s Crew
Including
Shipwrights,
Blacksmiths,
Plumbers,
Coopers
Painters, etc.
Armourer’s Crew Ship’s Police Medical Writer Supply Cooks &
Stewards
Boy 2nd class Signal Boy or
Boy Telegraphist
Mechanicians were promoted Boy ERA 4 years training Boy Electrical Artificer 4 years training Boy Ordinance Artificer 4 years training Boy Writer Victualling Boy Boy Stewards
Boy 1st class
See NOTE 3
Signal Boy or
Boy Telegraphist
from the Stoker
Branch
Boy ERA 4 years training Boy Electrical Artificer 4 years training Boy Ordinance Artificer 4 years training Boy Writer Victualling Boy Boy Stewards
Ordinary Seaman Ordinary Signalman or
Telegraphist
Stoker 2nd Class at the
Leading Stoker
Boy ERA 4 years training Boy Electrical Artificer 4 years training Boy Ordinance Artificer 4 years training Sick Berth Attendant Third Writer Victualling Assistant Second Cook's Mate
Able Seaman
See NOTE 6
Signalman
or
Telegraphist
Stoker 1st Class and
Stoker Petty Officer
level
Boy ERA 4 years training Boy Electrical Artificer 4 years training Boy Ordinance Artificer 4 years training Sick Berth Attendant Third Writer Victualling Assistant Cook's Mate
Leading Seaman Leading Signalman
or
Leading Telegraphist
Sailmaker's Mate Leading Stoker ERA 5th Class Electrical Artificer
5th Class
Ordinance Artificer
5th Class
Mate Armourer's Crew Second Sick
Berth Steward
Second Writer Leading Victualling Assistant Leading Cook's Mate
Petty Officer Yeoman of Signals
or
Petty Officer Telegraphist
Sailmaker Stoker Petty Officer Mechanician Petty Officer Tradesman Armourer Ship's Corporal
1st and 2nd
Class
Sick Berth Steward First Writer Victualling Petty Officer Ship's Cook
Chief Petty Officer Chief Yeoman
of Signals
or
Chief Telegraphist
Chief Sailmaker Chief Stoker Chief Mechanician 4th Class
3rd Class
2nd Class
1st Class
4th Class
3rd Class
2nd Class
1st Class
4th Class
3rd Class
2nd Class
1st Class
Chief Petty Officer Tradesman Chief Armourer Master at Arms Chief Sick Berth Steward Chief Writer Victualling Chief Petty Officer Chief Ship's Cook
Chief ERA
1st and 2nd
Class
Chief Elect Art
1st and 2nd
Class
Chief Ord Art
1st and 2nd
Class
See NOTE 1 See NOTE 1 See NOTE 1 See NOTE 2 See NOTE 2 See NOTE 2 See NOTE 5 See NOTE 5 See NOTE 4
NOTE 1
For all Petty Officers and Chief Petty Officers there were increases in pay with time in rank seniority, generally at thee-yearly increments.
NOTE 2
All Artificers were considerably better paid than other trades. An ERA 1st class was paid about twice what a seaman CPO received. Most Engine Room Artificers entered as apprentices and joined a ship at the 5th class level to complete the sea-phase of their training. Electrical and Ordnance Artificers and some ERAs were hired as qualified Artificers and entered at the Artificer 3rd or 2nd Class level. They often had minimum naval background and were mostly valued for their technical expertise.
NOTE 3
Youths joined as Boys between 15 and 16 and a half. Boy seamen and signallers were trained in the pre-sea training establishments. Boys 1st class were carried in cruisers and above. Boys in the Supply and Secretariat Branches were trained on the job, usually in shore establishments. Boys time did not count for promotion or pension. Man’s time started on the boy’s 18th birthday. Direct entry men were only accepted from age 18 and up.
NOTE 4
The Ship’s Police were recruited from among the seamen and Royal Marines and were often men who stood little chance of advancement in their respective branches. In 1919 this branch was reorganized and renamed “Regulating Branch” at which time the Ship’s Corporal became Regulating Petty Officer. Despite efforts to improve the quality and practises, the branch remained little changed.
NOTE 5
All of the Artisan trades were in the process of being reorganized similarly to the Electrical and Ordnance branches. In the new system Boy Shipwrights would serve a 5-year apprenticeship in the Royal Dockyard shops. In the Old Scheme artificers were mostly hired on from civilian sources at a level commensurate with their training and experience, a practise that was continued even after the introduction of the revised system of training.
NOTE 6
Having attained the Rank of Able Seaman a rating could get extra qualifications and pay by qualifying for Gunlayer, Seaman Gunner or Torpedo Man.
These were Non Substantive Rates, a Chief Petty Officer could wear the same badge as an Able Seaman. This is more to do with how capable a person was at his job than rank and structure.

All shipboard electrical installations were the responsibility of the Torpedo Branch. Torpedomen with electrical training were identified as Leading Torpedo Operators, or LTOs. Ratings qualified as LTOs received an extra allowance depending on substantive rate. This was a trade qualification usually acquired at the Leading Seaman level. Electrical Artificers were only carried in large cruisers and above and dealt mainly with high power installations. Although recognized as being necessary before WW1, amalgamation of all the electrical tradesmen would not take place until 1949.