List of Enemy Vessels sunk

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SINKING OF ENEMY SHIPS

Enclosure No. 4 in H.F. Letter No. 1396, dated 18th June 1916.

Battleships or Battle Cruisers

6.50 P.M. 31 May '16 1 Battleship of KONIG class. - CERTAIN
Chief Witness Mate Arthur G. Boyce, BENBOW Station G.C.T.—8 power glasses. At 6.40 p.m., 3 KÖNIGS then being in sight the second "KONIG" was seen to be heavily hit, then to turn 16 points to starboard, the original third ship passing her. He saw this ship settle by the stern, his attention being called to the angle her mainmast was making to the horizon. Witness then gave a very good description of a ship sink- ing first by the stern and then capsizing to port, a large amount of smoke and steam coming from foremost funnel. (When last seen she had not actually disappeared.)
Confirmed by 6.33 p.m., report of THUNDERER, (ship) in this case designated as a KAISER. Hit by THUNDERER very heavily. Ship ablaze fore and aft. Talks of two ships overlapping each other,
CERTAIN - Copy of THUNDERER's report :— Two KAISER class were now overlapping each other. Fire was opened, 2nd salvo seen to hit, ditto 3rd. Enemy was blazing for whole length of quarter deck. Enemy firing salvoes at first came down to slow fire with one turret.



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6.50p.m. (approx.) 1 enemy ship in line blown up. - CERTAIN Lieutenant-Commander George B. Hartford, MARNE. An enemy ship of the line was seen to blow up at 6 50 p.m., (20 minutes after INVINCIBLE blew up). Flame was of a purple colour, otherwise explosion was similar to INVINCIBLE. He had no doubt whatever that ship sank

Confirmed by Lieutenant Charles C. D. Lees, MORNING STAR, and Sub-Lieutenant Francis D. Butt, MAGIC Also by report from BARHAM.
Probably all above are the same ship.
7.30 p.m. 31 May '16 1 enemy Battleship or Battle cruiser - PROBABLE
At 7.10, MARLBOROUGH opened fire on a ship of KONIG class of three, and fired 14 salvos. Distinct, hits were seen.
At 7.19, ship turned out of the line very low in the water aft and sinking and object was shifted to the left hand ship.
Mr. Charles Trenchard, Boatswain, COLOSSUS
1 enemy Battle Cruiser. - PROBABLE This Officer was in torpedo control tower and was watching action carefully. At 7.36 p.m. he saw the second Battle Cruiser, apparently " DERFFLINGER " from silhouette, on fire after being hit by a salvo. Water came up to quarter deck, then over funnels, and he saw the water close over her. The after turret was the last to fire.
Confirmed by Lieutenant Douglas G. W. Curry, SUPERB.
BENBOW confirms this to a certain extent by talking of a ship with two masts and two funnels showing above water at 7.35 p.m. Also reported by 2nd Battle Squadron, rear division.
7.20 p.m. 31May. 1 enemy ship. MALAYA. One enemy ship very low in the water dropped astern and, according to two Officers, she suddenly disappeared without an explosion.
The three foregoing reports possibly all refer to the same ship.
0.15 a.m. 1 June. 1 ship of "DEUTSCHLAND" class - CERTAIN At midnight, GARLAND in company with ARDENT, FORTUNE and AMBUSCADE sighted a line of German Battleships on starboard bow. Leading Battleship (one of DEUTSCHLAND class) opened fire. GARLAND turned to port and fired a torpedo at this ship. Range about 800 yards. Torpedo hit and was


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1 2 3
6.50p.m. (approx.) 1 enemy ship in line blown up. - CERTAIN Lieutenant-Commander George B. Hartford, H.M.S" MARNE." An enemy ship of the line was seen to blow up at 6 50 p.m., (20 minutes after " INVINCIBLE " blew up). Flame was of a purple colour, otherwise explosion was similar to " INVINCIBLE." He had no doubt whatever that ship sank
Confirmed by Lieutenant Charles C. D. Lees, H.M.S. " MORNING STAR," and Sub-Lieutenant Francis D. Butt, H.M.S. " MAGIC " Also by report from H.M.S. " BARHAM."

Probably all above are the same ship.

7.30 p.m. 31 May '16 1 enemy Battleship or Battle cruiser - PROBABLE At 7.10, " MARLBOROUGH " opened fire on a ship of "KONIG class of three, and fired 14 salvos. Distinct, hits were seen.

At 7.19, ship turned out of the line very low in the water aft and sinking and object was shifted to the left hand ship.

Mr. Charles Trenchard, Boatswain, " COLOSSUS."
1 enemy Battle Cruiser. - PROBABLE This Officer was in torpedo control tower and was watching action carefully. At 7.36 p.m. he saw the second Battle Cruiser, apparently " DERFFLINGER " from silhouette, on fire after being hit by a salvo. Water came up to quarter deck, then over funnels, and he saw the water close over her. The after turret was the last to fire.
Confirmed by Lieutenant Douglas G. W. Curry, " SUPERB."
" BENBOW " confirms this to a certain extent by talking of a ship with two masts and two funnels showing above water at 7.35 p.m.

Also reported by 2nd Battle Squadron, rear division.

7.20 p.m. 31May. 1 enemy ship. " MALAYA." One enemy ship very low in the water dropped astern and, according to two Officers, she suddenly disappeared without an explosion.
The three foregoing reports possibly all refer to the same ship.
0.15 a.m. 1 June. 1 ship of "DEUTSCHLAND" class - CERTAIN At midnight, " GARLAND " in company with " ARDENT," " FORTUNE " and " AMBUSCADE " sighted a line of German Battleships on starboard bow. Leading Battleship (one of " DEUTSCHLAND " class) opened fire. " GARLAND " turned to port and fired a torpedo at this ship. Range about 800 yards. Torpedo hit and was seen to explode abreast of the two foremost funnels. Ship took up a heavy list to port.

Confirmed by "ARDENT" as to time, enemy leading ship switching on lights, etc., Commanding Officer states he fired a torpedo at leading enemy ship from a very favourable position 2,000 yards on her port beam Torpedo hit, explosion seen, ship's foremost searchlights went out and she turned to starboard. " AMBUSCADE " fired at centre ship and observed led flash and searchlights go out. "MALAYA" confirms this and felt 3 explosions between 0. 15 and 0.47 a.m. and at end of last attack a brilliant flare lit up the whole sky.

2.0 am. Battleship of 'KAISER" Class. CERTAIN At 1.45 a.m., FAULKNOR," in company with 12th Flotilla, sighted enemy Battleships on starboard bow steering South East. Altered course parallel to enemy and increased to 25 knots, and, when ahead, led first division (" OBEDIENT," "MINDFUL," "MARVEL," " ONSLAUGHT ") round to a North Westerly course to attack. Sighted enemy again immediately
CERTAIN. At 2.0 a.m. fired two torpedoes from port tubes, one at second and one at third ship. When third ship was two points abaft beam a very heavy explosion took place and ship seen to blow up. Flames and debris went up to a great height. On firing, altered course to North North West, and proceeded down enemy line, six ships in all, first four being " KAISERS." Thinks last two were " KAISERS " also (but probably " KONIGS.")

One Destroyer close under port quarter of third enemy Battleship. Confirmed by " ONSLAUGHT " — fired four torpedoes, hit second " KAISER " —flames to 400 ft.

Confirmed by " OBEDIENT," "MARVEL," "MINDFUL "
Explosion was so great that magazine probably blew up; flames went up higher than mast. It is considered that ship undoubtedly blew up and sank.

2.28 a.m. 1 June. Battleship of "KAISER" class. - PROBABLE H.M.S. " MAENAD " re- ports:

After sighting enemy's Battleships at 2.0 a.m., with others of 12th Flotilla, he did not turn with remainder, as tubes were not trained to port but held on, turned some time later and carried out two attacks, one to port and second to starboard. At the second attack the fourth ship was hit amidships, which caused a terrific explosion - apparently of her magazine - the flames topping her mastheads.

Though the ship ahead and that astern were seen after this, the ship hit was not seen. The Captain of " MAENAD " is certain there were five Battleships when he fired and only four afterwards. He is certain of the time (taken by deck watch), and that there were no other British ships visible at the time.

LIGHT CRUISERS

1 2 3
6.40 p.m. 31 Mav One enemy Light Cruiser. - CERTAIN 5.50 p.m. " DEFENCE " and " WARRIOR " fired on Light Cruiser of Russian type. Ship disabled drifted down between the lines, was fired upon by the Battle Fleet and seen to sink at 6.40 p.m. by Lieutenant Douglas G. W. Curry of " SUPERB."
5 52pm. (approx.)31 May One enemy Light Cruiser. - CERTAIN Fired on by 3rd Battle Cruiser Squadron and " CANTERBURY " at 5.52 p.m. All ships of 3rd Battle Cruiser Squadron speak of this Light Cruiser as having blown up and sunk.
10.15 p.m. One enemy 3 funnelled Cruiser - CERTAIN "CASTOR" and 11th Flotilla sighted three enemy Cruisers at 10.15 p.m. " CASTOR " attacked with guns and torpedoes. " MARNE " with torpedoes. Torpedo hit one of the Cruisers. Detonation occurred.
Confirmed by Lieutenant Charles C. D. Lees, ' MORNING STAR " and Sub-Lieutenant Francis D. Butt, " MAGIC."
11.40 p.m. - 31 May. An enemy ship 3 or 4 funnels. At 11.40 p.m. " SPITFIRE " in company with " TIPPERARY " and 1st half of 4th Flotilla, torpedoed and sank an enemy large ship 3 or 4 funnels
CERTAIN Following evidence from Captain of " MALAYA " : At 11.40 3 points abaft starboard beam, observed an attack by our Destroyers on some enemy big ships, steering the same way as us, two of which used searchlights. One of our Destroyers (" TIPPERARY") was on fire, but not before they had hit the second ship in sight. This was seen by the column of smoke and also the explosion was distinctly heard and felt. The leading ship of the enemy, which was seen by the flash of the explosion and glare from the burning " TIPPERARY," had two masts, two funnels and a conspicuous crane and was without doubt one of the " NASSAU " class.

It appears very possible that the ship "SPITFIRE" sank was a Battleship of the " HELGOLAND " Class (in the same Squadron as the " NASSAU " Class) and not a Light Cruiser as first reports appeared to indicate.

Heavy ship or Light Cruiser Shortly afterwards, " SPITFIRE" rammed and carried away 20 feet of the side plating of an enemy three-funnelled Cruiser. Latter had one red band on each funnel and two derricks.
3.5 a.m. 1 June. One enemy Light Cruiser. - CERTAIN At 3.0 a.m. " SPARROWHAWK" was lying disabled in approximately Lat. 55° 54' N., Long. 5° 59' E., when a German Light Cruiser, three high straight funnels equally spaced, two masts and a straight stem, (probably "KOLBERG") was sighted about two miles East, steaming slowly to the Northward; after being in sight about five minutes she gradually heeled over and sank slowly, bows first.

DESTROYERS

1 2 3
4.30 p.m. 31 May. 2 enemy T.B.D.s - CERTAIN These two enemy T.B.D.s were sunk by Destroyers from the 13th, 9th and 10th Flotillas.
7.15 p.m. 31 May. 1 enemy T.B.D. - CERTAIN Midshipman Arthur B. Shepherd-Cross of H.M.S. " NEPTUNE" 4" control Officer, in fore superstructure, was firing at 7.10 p.m. with 4" at second from left of enemy Destroyers attacking. Hit with 4" which appeared to do no damage, but shortly after hit by a larger shell, after which there was a large flame and when splash had subsided the Destroyer had sunk.
Confirmed by " IRON DUKE " and Commander Edward O.B.S Osborne, H.M.S. " CONQUEROR."

Midshipman Robert T. Young, H.M.S. " BENBOW.",
Lieutenant Christopher M. Merewether, H.M.S. " CONQUEROR."
Lieutenant Oliver R. Wace, of H.M.S. " CONSTANCE."
Lieutenant Henry C Phillips, H.M.S. " CALLIOPE."

7.22p.m. 31 Mav. One enemy T.B D. - CERTAIN H.M.S. "CALLIOPE" and 4th Light Cruiser Squadron ordered out to attack enemy

T.B.D.s. Opened fire at leading Destroyer and sank her.

7.26 p.m. 31 Mav. One enemy T B D. - CERTAIN Lieutenant Russel R. J. Pound and Lieutenant Lawrence B.Hill of H.M.S. " BELLEROPHON " saw an enemy Destroyer hit by, apparently a 12" shell. This was the third Destroyer from the left of those attacking and was quite clear, as none of them had started to make a smoke screen. There was a large flash when shell exploded and the Destroyer was seen to sink.
7.35 p.m. 31 May. One enemy T.B.D. - CERTAIN At 7.35, the left hand Destroyer of those attacking was hit apparently by '" CANADA," and after spray had cleared, was seen to have turned over and to be bilge up, finally sinking 10 minutes or a quarter of an hour later.

This was confirmed by about half the Fleet.

7 50 p.m. 31 May One enemy T.B.D, - CERTAIN At 7.43 p.m Captain D. 12th Flotilla, ordered "OBEDIENT," "MINDFUL," "MARVEL" and "ONSLAUGHT" to attack an enemy Destroyer bearing West, The enemy destroyer was attacked and sunk at 7.50 p.m. She was of the " V" class, the letter being seen, but the number having been shot away. She was flying a Commodore's pendant.

H.M.S. "VALIANT" confirms.

8.30 p.m. 31 Mav. One enemy T.B D. - PROBABLE Fired on by " SOUTHAMPTON" and "DUBLIN," who hit her heavily amidships. She was afterwards sunk by a division of our Destroyers.
0.15 a.m. 1 June. One enemy T.B.D. - PROBABLE At 0.15 a.m. "CASTOR" sighted a Torpedo Boat on the starboard bow. As soon as it was distinguished as an enemy craft, " CASTOR " turned to ram her and opened fire. The Torpedo Boat was too quick on the helm and just avoided being rammed, but received the fire of all guns at point blank range and was not seen again. There would appear to be no doubt that she was sunk, as she was not seen by any of the Destroyers who passed the spot where she was fired on by " CASTOR."

= SUBMARINES

1 2 3
6.50 p m 31 May. One enemy Submarine. - CERTAIN A few minutes after " MARLBOROUGH " had been struck by a torpedo, Officers in Transmitting Room, A and Y Shell Rooms, Director Tower and Spotting Top of H.M.S. " REVENGE " felt a shock as if the ship had hit something. The Officer of " Y " Turret, Captain Evan Jukes Hughes, R.M.L.I., and the Torpedo Officer, Lieut. Commander Walter K. E. Conlon, R.N , looked over the side and observed a large patch of oil with an upheaval in the middle with portions of wreckage coming to the surface.
Reports of H.M. Ships running over submerged objects that may possibly have been Submarines and could not have been wreckage from any vessel sunk during the action, by reason of the position of the ship at the time,
11.15 p.m. 31 May. POSSIBLE " ACTIVE " was felt to bump something heavily. Subsequent investigation showed that some 15 feet of the starboard bilge keel had been torn back.
11.30 p.m. 31 Mav. POSSIBLE " COLOSSUS." The ship un mistakably passed over some object. The noise as of something scraping along the bottom was heard and felt by officers in the Fore Transmitting Station, Ward Room, and Engine Room. On examination the following damage was found :-

Starboard outer propeller - A piece 16" by 6" broken off one blade; another blade fractured and twisted 6" by 6".
Starboard Inner Propeller - One blade tip broken off 2" by 12"; another blade tip bent forward 12" by 3"; remaining blade edge jagged.

4 0am. 1 June POSSIBLE " MALAYA " reports that Officers in armoured director tower and engine room state that the ship struck some object submerged on the starboard side which scraped along under the bottom. Ship has been damaged under water between 38-48 stations and the Chief Constructor at Invergordon reports that the damage cannot possibly have been caused by shell fire.

The enclosed barograph record from Commander Stanley T. H. Wilton, R.N., of " MALAYA," shows the shock caused by explosions (presumably from the torpedoes fired by our flotillas at enemy ships) during the night of 31st May-lst June. It will be seen that there are four or five distinct separate explosions. The " MALAYA " was in a good position for recording these explosions.

J. R. Jellicoe,
ADMIRAL.
19th June, 1916.

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