Survivor and prisoner of war.
In 1963 Charles recorded his experiences for the BBC Great War programme, which can be heard on the IWM Web Site, clip number 9 https://www.iwm.org.uk/history/voices-from-the-battle-of-jutland
Transcript: I suppose we had been in action about an hour-and-a-half or so when a shell or something hit the magazines. There was a terrific explosion, the guns went up in the air just like match-sticks, 12 –inch guns they were and she began to settle down and in about half a minute she was gone. I was 180 feet up, and I was thrown well clear of the ship, otherwise I would have been sucked under. When I came up, there was another fellow there named Green, Jimmy Green, I think it was, and we swum over, we got a piece of wood, I was on one end he was on the other end, and a couple of minutes afterwards some shells come over and Jim was minus his head. He went, so I was left on me lonesome and I was there till about, well I couldn’t say the exact time, it must have been between two and three in the morning, pitch dark, and I had given up all hope, practically, I let go once, yes, I let go once, but I struggled back again quick, when all of a sudden I could hear something coming towards me a noise and I had to gaze up. It was a German destroyer. Two sailors got down, picked me up and dragged me aboard the boat.